Pragmatics (Wijana, 1996: 2) is a branch of linguistics studying about meanings externally. Pragmatics studies the context-dependent meaning in an utterance. It means that pragmatics involves the interpretation of what people intend on their utterance in a certain condition. That thing differentiates pragmatics with other studies which study about meaning such as semantics, etc. Pragmatics is the study of contextual meaning. Based on Yule (1996: 3) pragmatics relates to the speaker’s intention on sentence uttering and hearer’s interpretation on meaning interpreting on the sentence.
Pragmatics is the language study which is used on the communication in a certain condition (Nadar, 2009:2). This study analyzes the meaning of speaker utterance which is not obviously said. As the result, it affects of the hearer’s exegesis on that utterance to recognize the intended invisible meaning. The hearer’s exegesis is influenced by main factor which covers the condition of the utterance. The main factor is named as context. However, pragmatics can be defined as the science which study about the intention meaning conveyed by speaker and interpreted by hearer. Simply, pragmatics is the study which analyzes on utterance intention and interpretation.
Nadar, F.X. 2009. Pragmatik & Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Wijana, I Dewa Putu. 1996. Dasar-Dasar Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.
Yule, George. 1996. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.